Sebastian Kempgen of the University of Bamberg, the inscription might be Greek, in which case it could read: Also, in the third line, one character could be a capital P or a capital L. Pavel Petrov is sure that the language is Slavic and has provided the following possible version of the text: If you have any suggestions about what writing system or language this is, please write to: Manuscript written in an unknown script The photos below were sent in by Mark Muehlhaeusler who came across this manuscript while cataloguing Oriental manuscripts at Utah University Library. Nothing is known of the provenance of the manuscript, but since it is housed with a collection that was acquired in Egypt, it is likely that the item hails from there note the scarab and the ‘cartouches’. If you can identify the script, please contact Mark at:

Japanese music

Twelve of the set are historic bells from St Martin-in-the-Fields church in Trafalgar Square in London ; six others, cast in recent times by the Whitechapel Bell Foundry , round off the set. The St Martin-in-the-Fields bells were donated to the State of Western Australia as part of the Australian bicentenary celebrations; the additional bells were cast with a subsequent donation of metals mined in Western Australia. The six newer bells include five that were presented to the University of Western Australia , the City of Perth and to the people of Western Australia by the City of London , the City of Westminster and a consortium of British and Australian mining companies, and one bell commissioned by the Western Australian Government.

An inlaid path made of ceramic tiles surrounds the tower. These come from nearly every school in Western Australia and are arranged alphabetically by school name.

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They were often used on baby rattles and childrens toys. They were called hawk bells as they were also attached to the legs of hawks. Indians used them to adorn ceremonial clothing, and the originals are still valued for this purpose. They are stamped brass made of two pieces without solder. The two halves are attached by crimping one part over the other at the seam in the middle which sticks out like a flange. They were sized from No. These bells do not have a seam at midpoint.

New and old versions of the hawk bells can be found on ebay usually just by searching with the keywords hawk bells. New hawk bells differ from the ones produced in the s in the way they are attached to something.

Stone Age, Bronze Age, Iron Age, Early Medieval Musical Music

Rating Newest Oldest Best Answer: I learned a lot of neat stuff while I was looking it up. To answer your questions: The practice of putting bells on horses was one of practicality and supersitition – to warn pedestrians and ward off bad luck. In Roman times horse bells were made out of iron.

Dating from between the mid ‘s to the late ‘s, crotal bells were made of either pewter or a copper alloy. Many makers are known, though the identity of the maker of some of the most commonly found bell varieities is still, oddly enough, a mystery.

They are commonly played by being struck with hard mallets. However, they may also be played by striking two disks together in the same manner as finger cymbals , or by bowing. Their sound is rather like a small tuned bell , only with a much brighter sound, and a much longer resonance. Like tuned finger cymbals, crotales are thicker and larger; they also have slight grooves in them which give their sound more sparkle.

The name comes from the Greek crotalon, for a castanet or rattle. Modern crotales are arranged chromatically and have a range of up to two octaves. They are typically available in sets commonly one octave but may also be purchased individually. Crotales are treated as transposing instruments ; music for crotales is written two octaves lower than the sounding pitch, to minimize ledger lines.

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They are commonly played by being struck with hard mallets. However, they may also be played by striking two disks together in the same manner as finger cymbals , or by bowing. Their sound is rather like a small tuned bell , only with a much brighter sound, and a much longer resonance. Like tuned finger cymbals, crotales are thicker and larger; they also have slight grooves in them which give their sound more sparkle.

The name comes from the Greek crotalon , for a castanet or rattle. Modern crotales are arranged chromatically and have a range of up to two octaves.

The Swan Bells are a set of 18 bells hanging in a specially built metres ( ft)-high copper and glass campanile in Perth, Western tower is commonly known as The Bell Tower or the Swan Bell Tower.. Taking their name from the Swan River, which their tower overlooks, and forming a sixteen-bell peal with two extra chromatic notes, they are the second largest set of change.

It is an opportunity for us to reflect on the language and bumble bee director of culinary innovation Heres a link to a real nice web site that I found on another forum that will help you ID and date Crotal Bells. Many makers are known, though the identity of the maker of some of the most commonly found bell varieities is still, oddly enough, a mystery. Two-piece cast crotal bell Circa 15th century. Alongside the early cast crotals, copper and copper-alloy bells of sheet metal were produced. Bells of this type were produced only until about the end of the 13th century.

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Featured Online Article from Vol. I’ve been a TH’er for nearly 25 years, but for the longest time didn’t have much success. I couldn’t understand why other detectorists were finding “good stuff” and I wasn’t, so I sought the answer to this dilemma. The fall of was the turning point in my TH’ing career, and in some sense, my life.

There were many memorable occurrences during this time. Hurricane Bob ripped the New England region that summer, and there was much coastal erosion, the effects of which made for some interesting TH’ing scenes, so I heard.

Japanese music: Japanese music, the art concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds for beauty of form or emotional expression, specifically as it is carried out in Japan. Korea served as a bridge to Japan for many Chinese musical ideas as well as exerting influence through its .

See Article History Japanese music, the art concerned with combining vocal or instrumental sounds for beauty of form or emotional expression, specifically as it is carried out in Japan. Korea served as a bridge to Japan for many Chinese musical ideas as well as exerting influence through its own forms of court music. Also to be considered is the presence of northern Asian tribal traditions in the form of Ainu culture surviving on Hokkaido island.

However, it should be pointed out that the island isolation of Japan allowed it to develop its own special characteristics without the intense influences of the Chinese giant and the Mongols so evident in mainland cultures. Music before and through the Nara period Early evidence Ancient Chinese sources and modern archaeological data provide the earliest surviving insights into Japanese music.

Among the items recovered from the subsequent Yayoi period c. They show that the native population had adopted Chinese metallurgy. The shape of the bells and the locations of their remains indicate that they may have entered the Japanese islands with tribes migrating from northern Asia. That Japan gradually came to be dominated by one group called the Yamato clan became more evident in the Tumulus period c.

Specific evidence of its musical life is found first in certain tomb figurines haniwa , which were substitutes for the earlier Asian tradition of human sacrifices at the death of a leader. One haniwa has been found playing a barrel drum with a stick, while another figure is seated with a four- or five-stringed board zither across his lap. Crotal bells pellet or jingle bells are found on costumes, and some statues seem to be of singers.

Where did jingle bells originate and what were they originally made from

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PAUL SAYS: PAUL SAYS: Hello,I’m new to metal detecting and attached are two pics of a recent find. This was found in a pasture which was the site of a home in prior to and up to at least

This was achieved just outside Dundee at the Star Inn fruit farm. Fifty metal detectorists came along on the day and right from the off finds came to light through the searching of the fields — the fields were situated near the site of an ancient Roman Camp at Invergowrie and there had been an abundance of later histories in the area that included the tales of Highwaymen who would hold up stagecoaches from woods that once stood near the fields.

A large bronze bell that might date back to medieval times called a Crotal Bell and giant lead weights one of which might be Roman. The whole day was a terrific success and everyone attending thoroughly enjoyed themselves, there was teas and coffees and biscuits provided by the Ninewells Community Garden that went down a treat with the detectorists and being manned by Trustee Rodney Mountain but in between time he also managed to have ago metal detecting himself with his daughter for the very first time and were rewarded in finding their first old penny.

And there will be another Dig scheduled to happen again next year.

Metal Detecting 1800’s house part 1 basement floor w/finds Crotal Bell