Clock A large variety of devices have been invented to measure time. The study of these devices is called horology . An Egyptian device that dates to c. The T was oriented eastward in the mornings. At noon, the device was turned around so that it could cast its shadow in the evening direction. The position of the shadow marks the hour in local time. The idea to separate the day into smaller parts is credited to Egyptians because of their sundials, which operated on a duodecimal system. The importance of the number 12 is due the number of lunar cycles in a year and the number of stars used to count the passage of night. They could be used to measure the hours even at night, but required manual upkeep to replenish the flow of water.
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If you go to any major city in China, you will invariably run into the foreign man-Chinese woman pairings in any major tourist or shopping destination; not so with foreign women and Chinese men. There are hardly enough books depicting foreign women with Chinese boyfriends or husbands. West Wind Buck, Pearl S. Oriental Novels of Pearl S. Several years ago, when my husband enrolled in a New Oriental class in Shanghai for GRE prep, the instructor warned all of the Chinese men: When you have a Chinese husband or boyfriend, sometimes you feel as if you belong to a lonely club.
Speed limit for cars was increased from 4 to 20 mph. The Savoy (January–September). — Official opening of the Tate Gallery, founded by Sir Henry Tate (July 21)
Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada Available online 31 October 31 October Abstract Bedrock mass movements include some of the most common rockfalls and most destructive rock avalanches slope processes. The characteristic volumes, velocities, runout distances, and frequencies of bedrock mass movement types can vary over many orders of magnitude. An understanding of the multiple attributes, contributing factors, and processes is required to conduct a comprehensive characterization of the hazards associated with bedrock mass movements.
The characterization includes the mechanical properties of intact rock, orientation and surface characteristics of discontinuities, geological history of the rock mass, and topography of the slope, including past and currently active tectonic and geomorphic processes. Conditions of rock—slope stability can be classified into three broad categories based on the factor controlling them: Applications of the progressive failure concept are presented to explain the behavior of rock masses leading to a slope failure.
The range bedrock mass movement types within Varnes-based landslide classification scheme are also reviewed. As with mass movements in other material types snow, ice, soil, and debris , inventory mapping, monitoring, and modeling numerical and physical form the basis of bedrock mass movement recognition and anticipation.
Avoidance is the simplest and most effective response to rock—slope instabilities as active mitigation is only effective for small volume rockfalls or is only possible at significant economic cost for large slow-moving features. The chapter closes with a review of risk management strategies as applied to bedrock mass movements. The individual components of the risk equation are presented along with examples of responses that could help reduce the calculated risk value.
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Ford became a director long before that other great creator of visual beauty on the screen, Josef von Sternberg , and his films constitute a parallel tradition to those of Sternberg and his followers. Tag Gallagher’s excellent book on John Ford is available as a free download at his web site. Its index traces out many subjects in Ford, and in which films they occur. Subjects Some common characteristics of Ford films: Westerns set in Monument Valley Deliberately set small fires, as a campaign tactic Seas Beneath, Cheyenne Autumn related villain sets big fire:
Thousands of genera Phanerozoic biodiversity as shown by the fossil record Mass extinctions are thought to result when a long-term stress is compounded by a short term shock. In general, large extinctions may result when a biosphere under long-term stress undergoes a short-term shock. High diversity leads to a persistent increase in extinction rate; low diversity to a persistent increase in origination rate.
These presumably ecologically controlled relationships likely amplify smaller perturbations asteroid impacts, etc. It may be necessary to consider combinations of causes. For example, the marine aspect of the end-Cretaceous extinction appears to have been caused by several processes which partially overlapped in time and may have had different levels of significance in different parts of the world.
Most widely supported explanations[ edit ] Macleod  summarized the relationship between mass extinctions and events which are most often cited as causes of mass extinctions, using data from Courtillot et al. Flood basalt events[ edit ] The formation of large igneous provinces by flood basalt events could have: Flood basalt events occur as pulses of activity punctuated by dormant periods. As a result, they are likely to cause the climate to oscillate between cooling and warming, but with an overall trend towards warming as the carbon dioxide they emit can stay in the atmosphere for hundreds of years.
It is speculated that massive volcanism caused or contributed to the End-Permian , End-Triassic and End-Cretaceous extinctions. Sea-level falls could reduce the continental shelf area the most productive part of the oceans sufficiently to cause a marine mass extinction, and could disrupt weather patterns enough to cause extinctions on land. But sea-level falls are very probably the result of other events, such as sustained global cooling or the sinking of the mid-ocean ridges.
A study, published in the journal Nature online June 15, established a relationship between the speed of mass extinction events and changes in sea level and sediment.
Victorian Age Timeline
Badlands near Drumheller , Alberta , where erosion has exposed the K—Pg boundary Trilobites were highly successful marine animals until the Permian—Triassic extinction event wiped them all out In a landmark paper published in , Jack Sepkoski and David M. Raup identified five mass extinctions. They were originally identified as outliers to a general trend of decreasing extinction rates during the Phanerozoic,  but as more stringent statistical tests have been applied to the accumulating data, it has been established that multicellular animal life has experienced five major and many minor mass extinctions.
VAT Online is a foundational Web-based victim assistance training program that offers victim service providers and allied professionals the opportunity to acquire the essential skills and knowledge they need to more effectively assist victims of crime. VAT Online has four sections: Basics, Core Competencies and Skills, Crimes, and Specific Considerations for Providing Victim Services.
Speed dating may led to a speedy trial? Weird, I know right? June 24, Overtaxed Most men enjoy fucking women. Turns out, pussy feels really nice. Not sure why it matters to you. Anyway, the fact is, as I pointed out to you before, that men DO have a biological compulsion to reproduce, a very strong one in fact. Not that hard to avoid pregnancy. Maybe you apply so much pressure to your friends and so little tolerance that they actually feel compelled to lie to you about getting their girl pregnant on purpose and wanting to be a father.
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Voelker was an eight-year member of the U. Ski Team, competing on the World Cup circuit in the slalom and giant slalom during that time, while also representing the United States and Pittsfield in the Winter Olympics held in Calgary , Albertville and Lillehammer Voelker hasn’t been back to Pittsfield in a number of years, so this event will be like a homecoming for her.
It’s really the heart of where I’m from,” Voelker told The Eagle. It’s exciting and sentimental. Rutberg, publisher and president of The Eagle, said one of the most gratifying responsibilities of a community newspaper comes with celebrating local heroes.
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Mesmero, who is normally a Squishy Wizard , holds off a combined force of Wolverine, Gambit, and Sabretooth in close combat, armed only with a shock-staff. They really weren’t working as a team , but still. This version of the comic book character Apocalypse may be the strongest, and he’s slightly less evil. The Morlocks in general. Sometimes they get better, and sometimes they get Aesop Amnesia. The Evolution version is not known to attack humans unprovoked, and there’s no revolving door.
Callisto, from the very start is a truly kind soul; contrast to her comics self, where she was basically a prettier, female Jabba the Hutt what with her treatment of Angel. Here, she healed Evan of the poison he drank and even offered him sanctuary now that his mutation was warping his appearance. In the Marvel Comics universe, Berzerker was a minor villain and member of the Morlocks.
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See Article History Sports, physical contests pursued for the goals and challenges they entail. Sports are part of every culture past and present, but each culture has its own definition of sports. The most useful definitions are those that clarify the relationship of sports to play , games, and contests.
We run events in the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern suburbs of Sydney. We have run events at such places as: Neutral Bay, Lane Cove, Ryde, Parramatta, Penrith, Manley, Bondi, Coogee, Strathfield and even in Newcastle itself.
The Romans learned how to temper work-hardened steel to reduce its brittleness. Roman Armour – statue of Germnanicus in the Lateranmuseum in Rome 3rd century AD China steels the show Chinese craftsmen manufactured high-quality steel, likely having something similar to the Bessemer process which was only developed in Europe in the 19th century as early as the second century BC.
Chinese puddle and blast furnace 4th century The Iron Pillar of Delhi: Oldest surviving example of corrosion-resistant steel 4th century. The Iron Pillar of Delhi The Iron Pillar is a 7 metre column in the Qutb complex, notable for the rust-resistant composition of its metals. The pillar has attracted the attention of archaeologists and metallurgists and has been called ‘a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths’.
Video The iron pillar of Delhi 11th century Magic metallurgy The process of the location of iron production on the raw-material base began to be realised in the 10th th centuries. Metallurgy was a key component in the system of craftsmanship of the early Middle Ages and already in this time progress in many areas of economy began to depend on it.
Brevarium Grimani 11th century Damascus steel developed in Middle East Damascus steel was a term used in Western culture from the Medieval period onward to describe a type of steel created in India and used in swordmaking from around BC to AD. Spilbergen meeting king Vimaladharmasoorya of Kandy 16th century On his metal In , Vannoccio Biringuccio publishes first systematic, detailed volume on metallurgy. During this time, expensive steel was produced in limited quantities by artisans, and expensive was also used in applications other than armour and weaponry.
Sweden led the way during the 18th century – new techniques began to emerge, which improved quality and consistency.
Glaciers of Rocky Mountain National Park
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Australasia The grieving father of four children who were killed in a family mass murder and suicide case that rocked Australia said on Sunday their grandfather was to blame for what he called a planned shooting. Aaron Cockman’s children – three boys and a girl aged eight to 13 – were among the seven people found dead by police on a rural property in the small town of Osmington near the Margaret River wine region of Western Australia.
The bodies of their mother Katrina Miles, 35, and grandparents Peter and Cynda Miles were also found at the property. Cockman, who told reporters in Margaret River he was estranged from Katrina, said “Peter didn’t snap”. I think he’s been thinking this through for a long time,” Cockman added in his first public comments since the shootings. Katrina Miles with her four children Credit:
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A sociopath is a businessman in an unjust society. The just and proper solution is to make all society insane so that there is no goal to be gained by deviant behavior. The premise of the article is smartless. Suppose a volume of spacetime only contained so many microprocessor cycles and no more? How can we know! All adventitious computation must be immediately shut down for National Security reasons.